I hereby claim that building SHPP is illegitimate because it doesn't have a support of broader public, relevant associations specialized for nature and environment protection, relevant institutions and recognized experts in the area of nature protection and ecology.
Building SHPP is illegal because it violates the constitutional principle, right to property and other numerous laws (Water Law, Law on Planning and Construction, Environment Protection Law etc.). Owners of private properties are unconstitutionally taken away the right to property and pipes are being placed without any compensation. Local residents are being taken away the right to use river water for their needs and issued Building Permits leave ZERO liters of water to locals for irrigation needs and for their cattle.
I express my doubts in the validity of the claim of the Ministry of Mining and Energy (MME) and National Association of Small Hydro Power-Plants that building SHPP has public importance and that it contributes to the energetic stability and I'l quoting the official data of MME and Public Enterprise Elektroprivreda Serbia (EPS), which clearly indicate that private interest at the expense of public one is in question.
In its Strategy of energetic development, our country, blindly following the instructions given by EU back in 2007, has accepted the obligation to produce electricity from renewable energy sources (RES) and prioritized building SHPP on small watercourses in highlands. Building was furious and without obeying any rules, which resulted in complete destruction of these watercourses. Vlasina and Josanica are the two examples of this.
113 SHPP has produced 1,176,362 MWh in 7 years all together, which is 3.1 times less than yearly loss for 2018, which were around 3,664,043 MWh.
18 SHPP, with installed power of less than 100 kW or 15.93% of all SHPP, have produced only 0.95% of the total amount of electricity produced in all SHPP.
51 SHPP, with installed power of less than 400 kW or 45.13% of all SHPP, have produced only 8.23% of the total amount of electricity produced in all SHPP. There can be no excuse to destroy 51 river (river watercourses) for a minor amount of electricity.
Three SHPP owned by EPS "daughter company" have produced 37.48% of the total amount of electricity produced by all SHPP. More precisely, only two, because SHPP "Radaljska Banja" contributed only a little (installed power is 245 kW). These two are SHPP "Medjuvrsje", installed power 7,000 kW and SHPP "Ovcar Banja", installed power 4,500 kW.
Ministry of Mining and Energy doesn't act by the request of European Energy Community to switch from feed-in tariffs to auction system when stimulating producers of electricity from RES.
Ministry of Energy has allowed EPS to redeem electricity from its three subsidiaries (SHPP Radaljska Banja, Medjuvrsje and Ovcar Banja) at privileged prices and allowed Serbian Orthodox Church (SPC) to become a privileged energy producer, to produce and sell electricity. Company called "Drimsko-limske elektrane" is another subsidiary of EPS.
Ministry of Mining and Energy has caused a lot of damage by forbidding using solar energy to produce electricity, in a way that they it introduced a quota for solar power-plants in 2014, which was spent the same year and the new quota is still not introduced.
By introducing feed-in tariffs, Ministry of Mining and Energy has stimulated building SHPP and river destruction, especially when it allowed to build several SHPP in a row on the same river to produce more electricity.
Other ways to produce electricity, using the energy of wind, biomass, or geothermal energy have been constantly neglected and restrained by the state itself.
It is still not clear why MME introduced the quota for solar power-plant in 2014, which was reached that same year, but it still hasn't increased it.
It is still not clear why MME doesn't allow private individuals to mount solar panels on their houses and other objects and sell the surplus to the EPS.
Ministry of Mining and Energy's response, after the query to access the information of public importance, has answered that they "think" about it, but says that it requires changing and updating the Energy Law.
Author: Božidar Todorović,
activist of the "Defend the Rivers of Stara Planina (Balkan Mountains)" movement