Nastanak i svrha pokreta

Odbrana reka na Staroj planini počela je još krajem osamdesetih, kada su stanovnici Temske i drugih sela pružili otpor prevođenju Toplodolske rekeu Zavojsko jezero. Kada je 2017. Ministarstvo ponovo iniciralo priču o provođenju reke kroz tunel, kao odgovor su ljudi,koji će kasnije pokrenuti ORSP, na reci Temštici upriličili performans „Molitva za reku“ koji je privukao značajnu pažnju javnosti, i usmerio širu populaciju na ovaj problem. Početkom 2018. formirana je FB grupa čija je osnovna namena obaveštavanje o malim hidroelektranama. Do decembra 2019. grupa je stekla 85.000 članova. Svakim danom broj članova raste i na taj način ona postaje značajan medij za razmenu mišljenja, iskustava i informacija. Aprila 2019.g kreće sa radom i FB stranica na kojoj objavljujemo najvažnije informacije, do decembra stranicu prati preko 8.500 ljudi.

 

Pokret“Odbranimo reke Stare planine“ (ORSP), prvenstveno se zalaže za zabranu izgradnje malih derivacionih hidroelektrana (MHE)na Staroj planini, kao i na teritoriji cele Srbije zbog izrazito štetnog efekta koji imaju naprirodu i na kvalitet života stanovništva. Takođe, zalaže se zakorišćenje solarne, vetroenergije i biomase za proizvodnju struje. Na FB grupi sa ovim nazivom se razmatraju moguća rešenja i dogovaraju akcije, dele vesti, iznose stavovi i stručne analize, i komentariše. Inicijativa obavlja korepsondenciju sa međunarodnim i domaćim institucijama i organizacijama i obaveštava medije o dešavanjima u vezi sa MHE.Nastoji se da se kroz stalni pritisak na institucije, njihovo pozivanje da deluju i preduzmu mere protiv dalje devastacije spreči masovna realizacija ovih štetnih projekata. Osnovne aktivnosti grupe su: Prikupljanje dokumentacije, fotografija, dokaza, i traženje informacija o MHE iz institucija zahtevima za informacije od javnog značaja.

Postoji značajna građa o tome na koji način su prenebregnuti određeni propisi prilikom gradnje i koje su institucije u tome učestvovale. Pokrenuti su brojni pravni postupci.
ORSP pruža podršku i informacije drugim gradovima i grupama u borbi protiv MHE.Uprkos brojnim pokušajima, pokret nikada nije politizovan.
Aktivno su angažovani ljudi koji se i ne poznaju međusobno. Oni deluju saistim ciljem, na različitim mestima. Takođe, postoje mnogi ljudi koji radi na zaštiti reka,anisu deo FB grupre.

Medijska zastupljenost

  • 2016. aktivista ORSP gostovao u Parlamentui govorio štetnosti MHE
  • novembar 2018. konferncija za Medije u Kući ljudskih prava i demokratije , tema posledice gradnje MHE i aktuelna dešavanja u Rakiti
  • Predavanjem ORSP zahteva direktoru RTS-a za TV duel o problemu MHE, ali i konstatntnim pritiskom putem koji je grupa vršila društvenih mreža i i drugih medija, došlo jedo emitovanja više priloga o ovom problemu na nacionalnom servisu. U Rakitu su došli Tatjana Vojtehovski i Jovan Memedović i pripremio je prilog o MHE, a Olivera Kovačević je u emisiji „Da možda ne“ obezbedila priliku da se stav protiv MHE čuje paralelno sa onim koji ga zagovara.
  • Science editorial office of RTS has presented a series of shows about SHPP and gatherings against them; media, has become more involved into shedding more light on the problem and multiple reports have been broadcast on Al Jazeera TV, N1 TV, "Danas“ newspaper, "Južne vesti" portal, "Politika“ newspaper, "Far“ portal, etc.
  • 2019, June: Guests in TV N1 show "Life Tells"
  • 2019, July: Press-conference: Collapse of the legal state
  • 2019, September: Press-conference by MP Sonja Pavlovic and DRSP delegates
  • 2019, September: Guests of the local TV Belle Amie
  • 2019, October: Guests of N1 TV, in the show "Topic of the Day"
  • 2019, October: Guests of Vojvodina TV, in the show "The Right Angle"
  • 2019, October: Press-conference by MP Sonja Pavlovic and DRSP delegates
  • 2019, October: Guests of Radio Sorbona, in the show "Odbranologija"

Organizovani protesti

Tokom godinu dana organizovan niz protesta u staroplaninskim selima iu selu Rakita(opština Babušnica).

  • 26.10. protest u Babušnicizbog nastavljanja gradnje u Rakiti. Predati su zahtevi Opštini Babušnica. Na zahteve nikad nije pribavljen odgovor.
  • 2. 9.2018.g prvi masovni ekološki protest u Srbiji na bilo blizu 4000 ljudi održan u Pirotu. Na protestu su formulisani zahtevi i poslati su zahtevi Vladi i predsedniku Republike. Zahtevi su prosleđeni Ministarstvu za zaštitu životne sredine i an njih do danasnije dobijen odgovor.
  • 27 January 2019 – DRSP organised a great environmental protest in Belgrade. It’s estimated that around 6,000 people took part in it.
  • 31 May 2019 – DRSP organised a protest in front of the Unicredit Bank, who had granted a loan for the construction of the Zvonce SHPP in Rakita. We requested that the bank discontinue funding the SHPP construction.
  • 21.09.2019.g protest u Beogradu portiv dalje gradnje MHE
  • 29 September 2019 – A protest in Topli Do after the investor announced the beginning of the planned SHPP construction.

Saradnja sa međunarodnim organizacijama

  • Uspostavljena je saradnja sa međunarodnim organizacijama Riverwatch, Bankwatch i European Sater Movement.
  • ORSP je postao član Evropskog pokreta za vodu.

Saradnja sa domaćim institucijama

  • Vetar u leđa: Otvoreno pismo 4 fakulteta BU i 1 instituta za biloska istrazivanja ministru ekologije i gradonačelniku Pirota.
  • Uspostavljena je saradnja sa Arhitektonskim fakultetom u Beogradu. Studenti i nastavnici su posetili Staru planinu. Dogovoreno jeosmislajavanje restauracije naselja.
  • Odlična saradnja da Šumarskim fakultetom Univerziteta u Beogradu i profesorima biologije sa beogradskog i niškog univerziteta.
  • 53udruženja je poslalo pismo podrške ORSP organizaciji, čime su dali legitimitet njenom radu (npr Pokret gorana Vojvodine, Društvo za zaštitu i proučavanje ptica, Srpsko herpetološko društvo, Vojvođanska zelena inicijativa, Bela čaplja, Solidarno za životinje i prirodu …)
  • Značajno je da su Inženjerska komora Srbije i Akademija inženjerskih nauka istupile sa stavom koji ukazuje „MHEnanoseogromnuekološkuštetuuzaštićenimprirodnimpodručjima. Lokalnom stanovništvu uništavaju resurse od kojih njihov život i rad zavise”.
  • SaradnjasaArhitektonskimfakultetomrezultovalajerekonstrukcijomDomakultureuDojkincima.

Akcije na terenu

  • Letter of appeal. In July and August 2019, we undertook the action of collecting signatures for an international appeal for the protection of the rivers of Stara planina. We managed to collect nearly 10,000 signatures in Serbia. That way, the citizens showed support to the DRSP river protection initiative. Also, the action drove many organisations to support the work of the DRSP Movement. So far, we have received 50 letters of support by different associations of citizens.
  • Avgust 2018. aktivisti vratili Rudinjsku rekuu korito.
  • Izvedeno je nekoliko akcija čišćenja reka: očišćene su Gradašnička reka, Rakitska, Temštica,Toplodolska reka, Vučidelska reka.
  • Aktivisti su, osim održavanja protesta sprovodili akcije obaveštavanja meštana o problemu MHE, obilazeći sela kojima preti realizacija projekata MHE, što je naročito važni jer meštani mahom nemaju piristup relevantnim informacijama.
  • Prisustvo aktivista nastručnom usavršavanju u Inženjerskoj komori, usmerenom na gradnju malih hidroelektrana, gde su podeljena pisma inženjerima i saopšteni su stavovi grupe i akademske javnosti o ovim projektima.
  • April 2019.g Deljenje matrijala o MHE posetiocima Sajma građevinarstva.
  • July 2019 – Weekly river actions organised by Save the Blue Heart of Europe, Pravo na vodu and Defend the Rivers of Stara Planina
  • July, August and September 2019 – We organised a watch in Topli Do to prevent the beginning of the SHPP construction in this village at Stara planina.
  • August and September 2019 – We initiated the construction of wooden pedestrian bridges across Stara planina.
  • October 2019 – Photo exhibition titled Mountains and Rivers in Pirot
  • October 2019 – Fire extinguishing action at Stara planina
  • October 2019 – We donated RSD 150,000 to the residents of Topli Do for the construction of a water supply system.
  • November 2019 – A three-day study tour across the protected area of the Stara Planina Nature Park was organised for the students and professors of the Faculty of Architecture.

Kontakt sa međunarodnim institucijama

  • Na pismo apela poslato na adrese više međunarodnih institucija pribavljen odgovor od Evropske komisije koji osuđuje način gradnje MHE.
  • Povezivanjem sa Evr. Komisijom i Evr.energetskom zajednicom, kojima su dokumenti i dopisi predavani u papirnoj formi na adresu njihovih sedišta, došlo je do stavljanjaamandman na MHE u Evropskom parlamentu. Vlada Srbije se poziva da usvoji neophodne mere o očuvanju zaštićenih oblasti. Energetska zajednica izdaje saopštenje kojim naglašava da izostajanje učešća javnosti o u donošenju odluka o MHE dovodi u pitanje izdate dozvole.

Pravna borbai učešćena javnim raspravama

  • Collecting funding for legal proceedings against our activists and the local population;
  • Providing legal aid to locals who are taking part in the fight against SHPPs;
  • Filing complaints against the projects carried out within the Jerma Special Nature Reserve, which were upheld at the public hearing;
  • Obtaining the expertise on the protected species living in the rivers designated for the construction of SHPPs of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia, which is the legal basis for river protection;
  • Vodoprivreda (public enterprise for water management) issued a call for investors to lease water surfaces at new locations for the construction of SHPPs. DRSP sent official letters expressing dissatisfaction with the call. As a result, the call was revised to exclude the Visočica River from the list of the offered rivers.
  • Reports against unidentified persons for digging the riverbed of the Rudinjska River and relocating the river from its natural flow;
  • Also, the DRSP activists spent at least 3 months at the Rakita SHPP construction site supporting the locals and handling the legal action against this project. Within this process, numerous irregularities were identified and reported. As a result of the legal action, the investor was fined for illegal tree-cutting, and the Environmental Inspection Department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection ordered the removal of pipes from the riverbed. The expert analysis also found that the construction had caused a landslide and documented illegal registration of a mortgage on private land. The Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia identified two protected vertebrate species within the Rakita River, at which the SHPP construction was already in progress thanks to a permit that had previously been issued by the Institute. The police filed reports against some of the activists. However, the people who protested succeeded in returning the river to its natural bed.
  • Legal Action against the Ministry of Agriculture, Water Directorate of the Republic of Serbia, Ministry of Environmental Protection, and Srbijavode Public Enterprise for Water Management;
  • The Supreme Court of Cassation ruled in favour of the Ministry and against the investor of SHPP Pakleštica. DRSP activists took part in a public debate presenting arguments against the Pakleštica project;
  • DRSP activists took part in a meeting regarding the management plan for the Stara planina nature park. They requested for the Srbijašume company to take an active role in the protection of the rivers of Stara planina from SHPP construction by initiating administrative procedures to examine the legality of the construction permit issuance procedures and to request temporary suspension of the construction works. The representatives of Srbijašume agreed to this.
  • November 2018 – Forum on SHPPs held at the City Library of Dimitrovgrad. DRSP took part in the early public review of the municipal spatial planning. DRSP demanded that SHPPs be removed form the Spatial Plan. As a result, the Municipality decided that the SHPPs should be removed from the Spatial Plan.
  • Memos sent to state inspection bodies regarding the continuation of illegal construction works on the Zvonce SHPP in April 2019 (awaiting response); Memo sent to the Ministry of Energy with the request not to renew the status of a temporary privileged producer for the Zvonce SHPP in April 2019 (awaiting response); Memo sent to the OTP Bank with the request not to support the construction of the Zvonce SHPP – April 2020 (awaiting response); Requests for the revocation of construction permits for the Zvonce, Topli Do, Jelovica, Zaskovci SHPPs filed (January–May 2019);
  • Upon contacting the Ombudsman, the response we received clearly indicated numerous faults of the SHPP project;
  • We received the Ombudsman's response indicating the negative impact of SHPPs and requesting a re-analysis of the legal framework by taking existing scientific data on this matter into account;
  • June 2019 – Lawsuit filed with the Administrative Court against the construction of the Zvonce SHPP;
  • August 2019 – Request for information of public importance sent to the Municipality of Babušnica Attorney's Office;
  • September 2019 – Memo sent to the Public Attorney’s Office of the Republic of Serbia
  • October 2019 – Support to the Bankwatch report titled "Western Balkans Hydropower: Who Pays, Who Profits?"
  • November 2019 – Organised a petition collecting signatures against air pollution;
  • November 2019 – A group of civil society organisations and civil initiatives submitted a request to the Prime Minister Ana Brnabić for the revision of incentives for renewable energy sources, with a special emphasis on the so-called feed-in tarrifs for small hydropower plants;
    Komunikacija sa bankama koje kreditiraju MHE
  • Dostavljeni su dopisi Erste banci iUnikredit banci, sapodacimao štetnosti MHE projekata, potkrepljene dokumentacijom, uz zahtev da se obustavi finansiranje ovih projekata. Šalju se u nacionalnapredstavnistva kao i u sedišta banaka. Osim toga, aktivisti su učestvovali na okruglom stolu sa predstavnicima banaka koje kreditiraju MHE i izneli im svoja saznanja o ovim projektima kao i spremnost da protestvuju protiv ovakve politike banaka.

Učešće na sastancima i skupovima

  • European River Summit, September 2018, Sarajevo
  • 5th Danube Particiapation Day, October 2018, Sofia
  • Creating a Sustainable System of Subsidies for Renewable Energy Sources in Serbia, organized by Bankwatch, April 2019, Belgrade
  • During the International Civil Society Week, DRSP had a meeting with Greenpeace representatives, April 2019
  • 28 September 2019 – Meeting with President of the Republic of Serbia to discuss ending further construction of SHPPs in Serbia
  • October 2019 – Dialogue in the Center: Poverty and Environmental Protection
  • November 2019: Forum in Užice titled Derivative Small Hydropower Plants: Environmental Impact and Energy Production Efficiency
  • November 2019 – Forum: Being Silent Is Alike a Philosopher, titled: Air, Water, Land and Fire: Citizen's Fight for a Healthy Life, Faculty of Philosophy of Belgrade

Priznanja

  • The Green Impression of November 2018: Certificate of Recognition in the area of environmental protection awarded by the Green Initiative of Vojvodina (Vojvođanska zelena inicijativa)
  • Zelenlist 2018: Certificate of Recognition awarded by Radio Beograd and Gorani Vojvodine (Vojvodina Forest Rangers) in April 2019

Podrška javnih ličnosti

  • Podrška pokretu ORSP u organizaciji protesta 21.09.2019.g u Beogradu, od strane Gorice Popović, Biljane Krstić, Ljubivoja Ršumovića, Snežane Jandrlić, Cane-Partibrejkers, Tihomir Stanić,Slađana Milošević, Rambo Amadeus, Boris Malagurski, Darko Rundek..
  • Podrška pokretu ORSP i poseta Toplom Dolu od strane svetski poznatog muzičara Manu Čao

Support of Environmental Movements

  • Savski nasip (Sava Enbankment)
  • Sačuvajmo planinske reke Kraljeva (Defend the Mountain Rivers of Kraljevo)
  • Pokret odbranimo šume Fruške Gore (Defend the Forests of Fruška Gora)
  • Ujedinjeni ribolovci Srbije (United Fishermen of Serbia)
Share the info

Do you support defending the rivers of Balkan Mountains?